Blood pressure is the measurement of pressure exerted in the walls of the blood vessels by blood pumped from the heart. High blood pressure and hypertension indicate that your heart is working harder than usual, putting itself and your arteries under great strain.
Systolic pressure (upper value) is the pressure exerted when the heart contracts and pumps blood into the arteries. Diastolic pressure (lower value) is the pressure exerted when the heart expands. An optimal blood pressure, according to the World Health Organization, is 120/80.
The normal pulse rate for women ages 15 to 65 is 75 beats/minute, and 62-70 beats/minute for men. For men and women age 65 or older, the normal pulse rate is between 80 and 85 beats/minute.
In general, blood pressure tends to increase with age. These classifications do not apply to certain ages and should be considered a guide.