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ARTICLE Hypertension Quiz

Hypertension – Test Your Knowledge


Answer "true" or "false" to the following questions. Then check your answers to find out how much you know about hypertension.

1. Blood pressure greater than 140 over 90 is considered a high blood pressure reading for adults.

True   False

Sorry. The correct answer is "true." Blood pressure is measured using two numbers. The first number, also called your systolic reading, represents the pressure while the heart is pumping blood. The second number, called the diastolic number, represents the pressure in between beats. When your systolic reading is between 120 and 139 and your diastolic reading is between 80 an 89 you have prehypertension, which is a risk for high blood pressure. When your systolic reading is 140 or above and your diastolic reading is 90 or above you have high blood pressure.

You are correct. Blood pressure is measured using two numbers. The first number, also called your systolic reading, represents the pressure while the heart is pumping blood. The second number, called the diastolic number, represents the pressure in between beats. When your systolic reading is between 120 and 139 and your diastolic reading is between 80 an 89 you have prehypertension, which is a risk for high blood pressure. When your systolic reading is 140 or above and your diastolic reading is 90 or above you have high blood pressure.

2. High blood pressure causes symptoms in most people.

True   False

Sorry. The correct answer is "false." High blood pressure is referred to as the silent killer because, in most instances, it gives no warning. High blood pressure killed 39,981 Americans in 1995 and contributed to the deaths of about 190,000. The only way to know what your blood pressure is for sure is to have it checked.

That's right. High blood pressure is referred to as the silent killer because, in most instances, it gives no warning. High blood pressure killed 39,981 Americans in 1995 and contributed to the deaths of about 190,000. The only way to know what your blood pressure is for sure is to have it checked.

3. High blood pressure is hereditary, so there is nothing you can do to reduce your chances of getting it.

True   False

Sorry. The correct answer is "false." Although high blood pressure can be hereditary, there are things that you can do to reduce your overall chances of developing of high blood pressure. The most important factors in reducing your personal risk for developing high blood pressure include not smoking, maintaining a normal weight, eating a diet that is lower in saturated fat, getting some form of regular exercise and limiting alcohol consumption.

That's right. Although high blood pressure can be hereditary, there are things that you can do to reduce your overall chances of developing of high blood pressure. The most important factors in reducing your personal risk for developing high blood pressure include not smoking, maintaining a normal weight, eating a diet that is lower in saturated fat, getting some form of regular exercise and limiting alcohol consumption.

4. Medications to treat hypertension can be discontinued once your blood pressure returns to normal.

True   False

Sorry. You answered incorrectly. Medications used to treat high blood pressure are not a cure. In order for your blood pressure to remain in the normal range, you must continue to take your medication. Many people erroneously believe that they can discontinue their blood pressure medication once their blood pressure reaches a normal level. You should never discontinue any prescription medication without the consent of your physician.

Your answer is correct. Medications used to treat high blood pressure are not a cure. In order for your blood pressure to remain in the normal range, you must continue to take your medication. Many people erroneously believe that they can discontinue their blood pressure medication once their blood pressure reaches a normal level. You should never discontinue any prescription medication without the consent of your physician.

5. The diagnosis of hypertension is generally made after several elevated blood pressure readings are recorded.

True   False

Congratulations! Your answer is correct. In most instances, a qualified physician will diagnose hypertension after several high readings are recorded. At times, when blood pressure is dangerously high and other symptoms are present, treatment will be initiated immediately.

Sorry. The correct answer is "true." In most instances, a qualified physician will diagnose hypertension after several high readings are recorded. At times, when blood pressure is dangerously high and other symptoms are present, treatment will be initiated immediately.

6. The older we get, the greater our chances become for developing high blood pressure.

True   False

That's right. Age is one risk factor for developing hypertension that cannot be changed. In the 35- to 45-years-of-age range, the prevalence of hypertension is 17 percent among white women, 26 percent among white men, 37 percent among black women, and 44 percent among black men. In people over age 65, the prevalence between men and women is close to the same. In this same age group, about 63 percent of whites and 76 percent of blacks will have high blood pressure.

Sorry. Your answer is wrong. Age is one risk factor for developing hypertension that cannot be changed. In the 35- to 45-years-of-age range, the prevalence of hypertension is 17 percent among white women, 26 percent among white men, 37 percent among black women, and 44 percent among black men. In people older than 65, the prevalence between men and women is close to the same. In this same age group, about 63 percent of whites and 76 percent of blacks will have high blood pressure.


Source: American Heart Association