The period between age 3 and 12 can be a busy one. As the little ones grow bigger, stronger and more independent, their needs and wants can change dramatically. Make sure you're doing everything you can to help keep your child's mind and body healthy.
Worried your child might have asthma? Talk to your doctor if you observe any of the following asthma symptoms:
- Frequent colds or sinus infections
- Whistling sounds when exhaling
- Coughing that lasts more than a week
- Coughing during exercise, in cold air or around perfume, smoke and animals
Children with asthma can typically still lead normal, active lives. Help your child live with asthma. These tips can help:
- Avoid asthma triggers like smoke, perfume, hairspray, molds, dust, furry or feathery animals and strong-smelling cleaners
- Limit playtime outdoors when pollution or pollen counts are high
- Teach your child how to use their asthma medication correctly and quickly
- Help your child follow their asthma management plan as recommended by your doctor
Not sure if your child has a cold or flu? Check to see if he or she has a fever, a tell-tale sign. Remember, age and thermometer type can affect reading. In general, your child has a fever if their temperature is:
- 100.4°F or higher by rectum
- 99.5°F or higher by ear
- 99°F or higher under arm
Other signs that your child may have the flu include:
- Stuffy or runny nose
- Sore throat
- Red, watery eyes
- Headache and body aches
- Sneezing and coughing
- Loss of appetite
If you think your child has the flu, it's a good idea to call your doctor's office or the NurseLine. Get help deciding when to bring your child to the doctor. Even if it's just a cold, ask about ways to alleviate symptoms, which may include:
- Making sure your child gets plenty of rest and drinks lots of fluids
- Giving your child over-the-counter medications to relieve symptoms – but nothing with aspirin in it
Children under 5 are at a higher risk of serious flu-related complications. Talk to your doctor about getting your child vaccinated when he or she is old enough – generally around 6 months.
Type 1 diabetes – also called juvenile diabetes – is the most common type of diabetes in children. Symptoms can come on suddenly. Consider calling your doctor immediately if your child experiences:
- Extreme thirst
- Frequent urination
- Drowsiness, lethargy or unconsciousness
- Sudden vision changes
- Increased appetite
- Sudden weight loss
- Fruity or sweet-smelling breath
- Heavy breathing
If your child has diabetes, it's important to learn how to manage it. Blood sugar levels can be affected by:
- Certain foods, especially sweets
- Meal times
- Exercise or other physical activity
- Hormonal changes
- Periods of growth
- Illness or infection
Your doctor can help you manage your child's diabetes through blood glucose monitoring, insulin therapy, diet and exercise.
Childhood obesity is on the rise. According to the National Center for Health Statistics, 17-19% of children aged 6-19 years old are overweight.
It's important you keep an eye on your child's weight. Childhood obesity can lead to heart disease, diabetes, asthma, sleep apnea and other serious illnesses. Plus, overweight children are more likely to become victims of playground harassment and develop low self-esteem.
Help your child maintain a healthy weight and promote self-confidence. Consider the following tips to get you started:
- Prepare balanced meals. Make sure your kids get plenty of vegetables, fruits and whole-grains. Choose low-fat dairy options and lean meats.
- Serve small portions. Don't pile on the food. Give your kids enough to eat, but not enough to overeat.
- Limit snack time to the kitchen. That way, your kids won't be tempted to eat empty calories when they're bored.
- Sweeten the deal. Instead of candy, offer kids fat-free treats like yogurt and fruit.
- Swap out sweet beverages. Instead, make water or juice fun with shaped ice cubes, crazy straws and other garnishes.
- Get going. Bowling, dancing, tag and jumping rope are fun activities to get kids moving. Encourage playtime outdoors with friends.
Keeping your child healthy is a top priority. Regular preventive care allows your doctor to prevent and detect disease, if it occurs, so treatment has the best chance of success. Use UnitedHealthcare's online toolOpens a new window to get recommended immunization and screening schedules for each member of your family. It is important to attend all well-child visits and ensure that childhood immunizations are administered on time. Talk to your doctor about your specific questions and concerns regarding your child's health, and use these guidelines, along with the advice of your doctor, to help your child stay healthy.