Coping with a cancer diagnosis can bring on a range of emotions and concerns. Learning basic information about each of the different types of cancer may help you and your family and friends understand and cope better. 

Understanding the different types of cancer

Each type of cancer has different characteristics, symptoms and treatment options. Learn basic information, how to recognize warning signs and ways to help prevent the cancers listed below. 

Breast cancer

Breast cancer is one of the most common types of cancer for women. It's important to know the risks and how early detection and healthy living can help make a difference.

Cervical cancer

There are a variety of factors that may impact your risk for cervical cancer. Often, there are no early symptoms of cervical cancer or HPV. That's why it's important to discuss risk factors with your doctor and get regular screenings.

Colorectal cancer

Colorectal cancer is most often found in men and women who are 50 years old or older. Regular screenings are key to finding colorectal cancer early, when treatment works best. 

Lung cancer

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death and the second most diagnosed cancer in both men and women in the United States, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).1 Most lung cancer is caused by smoking tobacco, but non-smokers can also develop lung cancer. 

Ovarian cancer

Among women in the United States, ovarian cancer is the eighth most common cancer. Most ovarian cancers are diagnosed in women over 60, but this disease can also affect younger women. Learn symptoms to look for and when to check with your doctor. 

Testicular cancer

Testicular cancer is most frequently diagnosed in men 20-34 years old. Most testicular cancers can be cured, even if diagnosed at an advanced stage, according to the National Cancer Institute.2


  1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Basic Information About Lung Cancer/, accessed February 11, 2020.
  2. National Cancer Institute, Testicular Cancer - Patient Version, accessed February 11, 2020.